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Synergetics Collaborative SNEC
Image of the inside of the rolled up steel deployable randome Inside of the rolled up steel deployable randome built at the Workshop on "Applied Synergetics"
Oswego, NY, August 2006

About Synergetics Collaborative (SNEC)
Tom Miller's Geneology of Polyhedra made from paperboard at the Synergetics Collaborative Workshop on Structure, Oswego, NY, July 2005

The Synergetics Collaborative (SNEC) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to bringing together a diverse group of people with an interest in Buckminster Fuller's Synergetics in face-to-face workshops, symposia, seminars, pow-wows, and other meetings to educate and support research and understanding of the many facets of Synergetics, its methods and principles.

Our public meetings are open to anybody who wants to learn more about Synergetics.

Please join the primary SNEC mailing list to receive announcements of all Synergetics Collaborative meetings and other news relating to Synergetics and Buckminster Fuller.

In March 2007, we received a letter from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) apprising us that our application for 501(c)(3) exemption status has been approved! Some of the organizations documents that we are required to make available for public inspection are available through this link.. See IRS Publication 557 for details about the government rules for tax-exempt organizations.

To make a tax deductible contribution to the Synergetics Collaborative please mail a check to

Synergetics Collaborative
240 Copley Road
Upper Darby, PA 19082-4016
YouTube Videos
Mailing Lists

The Synergetics Collaborative maintains a private, moderated mailing list, SNEC, to coordinate and announce meetings. An archive of all posts to the list is publically available at

For public, Internet discussions on Buckminster Fuller's work, the following options are available:

Definitions of Synergetics

Synergetics is the system of comprehensive thinking which R. Buckminster Fuller introduced and began to formulate. Synergetics is multi-faceted: it involves geometric modeling, exploring inter-relationships in the facts of experience and the process of thinking. Synergetics endeavors to identify and understand the methods that Nature actually employs in coordinating Universe (both physically and metaphysically). Synergetics provides a comprehensive method and a philosophy for problem-solving and design and therefore has applications in all areas of human endeavor.

101.01 Synergy means behavior of whole systems unpredicted by the behavior of their parts taken separately.

Photo from Cosmic Fishing Workshop, Washington, DC, 2004

102.00 Synergy means behavior of integral, aggregate, whole systems unpredicted by behaviors of any of their components or subassemblies of their components taken separately from the whole.

962.40 Synergetic geometry embraces all the qualities of experience, all aspects of being.

-- R. Buckminster Fuller, Synergetics

Synergetics, in the broadest terms, is the study of spatial complexity, and as such is an inherently comprehensive discipline. ... Experience with synergetics encourages a new way of approaching and solving problems. Its emphasis on visual and spatial phenomena combined with Fuller's wholistic approach fosters the kind of lateral thinking which so often leads to creative breakthroughs.

-- Amy Edmondson, A Fuller Explanation, 1987

Resources on Synergetics

Synergetics Collaborative History

The Genesis of Synergetics Collaborative, as for many phenomena in Universe, was the confluence of many factors. One thread was Russell Chu's move to Falls Church, VA. Another has been Joe Clinton's retirement and more visible return to Synergetics issues. Another has been the geometrical studies of CJ Fearnley and Jeannie Moberly. Another was the meeting of Fearnley, Moberly, Clinton, Marvin Solit, and David Lovler at the 2002 Bridges: Mathematical Connections In Art, Music, And Science Conference ["Conference Report: Bridges 2002", Nexus Network Journal, vol. 5 no. 1 (Spring 2003),]. Kirby Urner provided a critical link by suggesting to CJ Fearnley that he contact Russell Chu which led directly to the meeting on August 24th, 2002, in Upper Darby, PA.

The second (private) meeting was held on the 5th and 6th of October 2002 in Falls Church, VA. Originally we intended the meeting to be the group that met in Upper Darby plus Ed Applewhite. But 12 people were physically present coming from as far away as Japan, California, Oregon, New York, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts, plus John Graham joined via the Internet (call it "12 around one" or a Vector Equilibrium as a Synergeticist might say). We realized that we had found an unfulfilled need in Universe and immediately set about to organize the first public meeting which was held during the weekend of January 25 and 26, 2003 in Tivoli, NY. Since then Synergetics Collaborative has been holding yearly workshops in Oswego, NY and a major Symposium every year or two. Recently we organized as an unincorporated association and held our first meeting of the Board of Directors.

Previous Meetings


Design Science Symposium LogoThe 6th Biennial Design Science Symposium: Inclusive Narratives from Nature at Rhode Island School of Design Providence, RI, USA on Friday, September 20th – Saturday, September 21st, 2019.


The 5th Biennial Design Science Symposium: STEAM Intelligence was held at The Chace Center, Rhode Island School of Design Providence, RI, USA on 15–17 April 2016.


Fourth Biennial Design Science Symposium on STEM to STEAM thru Synergy: Bridging Morphology, Biomimicry, Sustainability, and Synergetics: 31 January 2014 - 2 February 2014.


Third Biennial Design Science Symposium on Nature, Geometry, and the Symmetry of Space: Tetrahedron Discovers Itself and Universe at RISD: 11-13 November 2011.

Special Event: Geometry Activity with George Hart of the Museum of Mathematics and the Foundations for New Directions; Exhibit; R. Buckminster Fuller One-Man Play; and a Seminar/Discussion "Building on Dr. Marvin Solit's Work" in Cambridge, MA on 22-23 January 2011.


Special Event Revisit Bucky: Exploring Synergetics at American University and Arena Stage in Washington, DC, on 11-13 June 2010.


Symposium on Design Science: Nature's Problem Solving Method on 14-15 November 2009 at RISD in Providence, RI.

Seventh Annual Summer Workshop on "A Synergetics Sampler" to Celebrate Buckminster Fuller's 114th Birthday on 11-12 July 2009 in Oswego, NY


Workshop on Geodesic Structures: Build a Dome for Bucky's Birthday on 11-14 July 2008 in Oswego, NY.

AMS Special Session on Buckminster Fuller's Synergetics and Mathematics on 15-16 March 2008, New York, NY


Symposium on Synergetics and Morphology on 3-4 November 2007 in Providence, RI.

Workshop on Quantum Building on 23-24 June 2007 in Oswego, NY.


Seminar on Synergetics 3 on 4 November 2006 in Cambridge, MA.

Workshop on "Applied Synergetics: Living Structures" on 12-13 August 2006 in Oswego, NY.

Seminar on Field Structure Theory on 28 January 2006 in Mt. Airy, MD.


Symposium on Synergetics in the Arts on 19-20 November 2005 in New York, NY.

Workshop on "Structure" on 23-24 July 2005 in Oswego, NY.


Workshop on "Tensegrity Structures" on 24-25 July 2004 in Oswego, NY.

Symposium on "Cosmic Fishing: Exploring Buckminster Fuller's Synergetics" on 20-21 March 2004 in Washington, DC.


Program on 30-31 October 2003 in Oswego, New York.

Workshop on "Geodesic Structures" on 28-29 June 2003 in Oswego, New York.

Symposium on "A Fuller Explanation" on 25-26 January 2003 in Tivoli, New York.


Pow-Wow on 5-6 October 2002 in Falls Church, Virginia.

Pre-SNEC Meeting on 24 August 2002 in Upper Darby, PA.

Documents & Papers

Marvin Solit's Heirarchy of Polyvertexia (UPDATED 8Nov2004; PDF).

Edward Suzuki Hoerdt's paper Atommetrics: Another View of Atomic Structure based on Electron Orbital Geometry (MS Word).

Bonnie DeVarco's The Documentarian's Documentarian - A Tribute to E.J.Applewhite (Text) (MS Word).

Yasushi Kajikawa's paper Growing Icosahedra (PDF).

CJ Fearnley's Reading Synergetics: Some Tips.

Related Conferences, Events, and Organizations

The International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS) is organizing RSD10 is Playing with Tensions in Delft, The Netherlands, November 3-6, 2021

The International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS) is organizing ISSS2020 at Stellenbosch, South Africa, 11-14 July 2020

Nexus Association for Architecture and Mathematicsis organizing Nexus 2020: Relationships Between Architecture and Mathematics 20–23 July 2020, Kaiserslautern, Germany

Bridges: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Culture is organizing Bridges AALTO 2020 Helsinki and Espoo, Finland, August 1-5, 2020.

International Big History Association is organizing Changing the World: Community, Science, and Engagement with Big History 5th Global Conference of the International Big History Association & Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts, Pune, Maharashtra, India 3-6 August, 2020

International Symmetry Association (ISA) is organizing Symmetry Festival 2020, "Symmetry in Nature and Society", September 2-5, 2020 Sofia, Bulgaria.

BigPictureSmallWorld, Inc. is organizing 2019 Design Science: Global Solutions Lab at Chestnut Hill College, Philadelphia, PA, June 16-24, 2019

American Society for Cybernetics is organizing Action and Reflection: The Individual and the Collective at University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, June 24 to 26, 2019.

International Association for Shell and Spacial Structures (IASS) is organizing The International Conference FORM and FORCE 2019 will be organised on 7-10 October 2019 in Barcelona, Spain

The Tesla Science Foundation

ISAMA: The International Society of the Arts, Mathematics, and Architecture

ISIS-Symmetry: International Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Symmetry.

ASCI: Art & Science Collaborations, Inc.

Natural Philosophy Alliance (NPA)

Foundation for New Directions.

In Memorium

Allegra Fuller Snyder (August 28, 1927 - July 11, 2021) was a participant and a presenter at Synergetics Collaborative events. We have a 15 minute clip from her 2005 presentation on "Synergetics and Dance". More information about can be found in this biography that Joe Clinton wrote for Allegra Fuller Snyder.

Dennis Dreher (25 December 1942 - 22 July 2018) was a frequent participant, presenter, and collaborator at several Synergetics Collaborative events. Dennis worked with Buckmister Fuller. He was a recipient of a Cosmic Fishing Award confered at the Fifth Biennial Design Science Symposium on "STEAM Intelligence" in April of 2016. We posted an note remembering him on our mailing list: 2016 Cosmic Fishing Award recipient Dennis Dreher has died. More information about Denis's work can be found on his web site Dennis Dreher.

Eudoxia Woodward (1919-2008) participated with the Philomorphs and was a panelist at the first Synergetics Collaborative Symposium at RISD "Synergetics and Morphology" in 2007. You can find out more about Eudoxia's work in this twelve page book description and excerpt: "The Geometry and Mystery of Flowers; The Art of Eudoxia Woodward ~ Paintings within a 'Flame to Curiosity', Bringing Art and Science Together" by Crystal Woodward.

Marvin Solit was intrumental in the forming and building the Synergetics Collaborative. We posted an note remembering him on our mailing list: In Memorium: Marvin Solit: Synergeticist, Philomorph, Healer. More information about Marvin's work can be found on the web site of the Foundation for New Directions.

Please send comments and suggestions to the Synergetics Collaborative webmaster.